Perishable cargo is in the most general definition; the products that can deteriorate due to not keeping or transporting them under appropriate conditions or heat and humidity. Perishable products can lose their vitality with time unless the appropriate standards do not provide or if they expose to excessive heat. Therefore perishable products should preserve and transport with special attention.
Perishable products can be transported with all the transport modes unless the necessary planning is done. But generally, airline transport is preferred because it is requested to reach the destination as soon as possible. Perishable products can reach the destination with freshness on the first day by the solutions found by technologic developments and efficient transport techniques.
What is Perishable Cargo Transportation?
Perishable cargo transportation which is the most serious and sensitive operation of logistics expressed as the process which includes delivery with the proper storage conditions. Some products can require temperature and humidity control because of their structure. Therefore perishable cargo transportation is needed for the product to stay at constant temperature and to be transported easily in hot or cold temperatures.
Perishable cargo transportation service, make the transport depending on specific rules and regulations for the products whose heat values must be preserved. Globelink Ünimar is the founding member of the Perishable Logistics Network which was set up to determine the upper border of perishable transportation around the world and to provide solutions about global supply chain and Globelink Ünimar can ensure the safe delivery of the products to the desired area by the perishable cargo transportation.
Which products does Perishable Cargo Transportation include?
The products that can be deemed as perishable are
Frozen products, plants, food products, flowers, fresh fruits and vegetables, frozen or fresh meat and meat products, egg, species of fish. Each has its own heat value that must be maintained. The heat value that the products going to be stored has to be protected until the delivery time.
How to pack perishable cargo?
In perishable cargo transportation, products should be specially packaged and must adhere to shipment standards. There are shipment rules for the perishable cargos considering their sensitive structure. The packaging is very important for perishable cargo transportation. The products will not deteriorate by the starting point to the destination by the correct packaging. The perishable products that will transport by the airline should be packed according to standards. It is important to use durable packs for securely packing for perishable products. The products should be placed in special boxes and the specified temperature of the product should be preserved to prevent air leakage during transportation. In addition, if the perishable product requires special heat, this information has to been written on the package.
What are the points to be considered in the transportation of perishable products?
The standards of perishable cargo transportation been determined by an international agreement known as ATP Convention. ATP (the agreement of international transport of perishable foodstuffs and the special equipment will be used) contains specific rules for the improvement of storage conditions for food items at risk of spoiling and development of transportation method. If the transportation for perishable cargo been provided by airlines, the rules are determined by IATA PCR(Perishable Cargo Regulations ).
What are the measures taken for perishable cargo transportation?
It was aimed to increase the durability of the products by taking some precautions in perishable product transportation. These precautions can be changed by the airline, highway, seaway or railway transportation modes . At this point , perishable cargo classification should be made, especially during loading operations. Refrigerated vehicles with air conditioning systems should be preferred in perishable cargo operations carried by the highway. Reefer containers, also known as refrigerated containers, should be used in operations carried out by the sea. In the products transported by air, active temperature-controlled containers, refrigerated rooms or coolers can be used in order to prevent exposure to different temperatures in addition to appropriate packaging.
What is the importance of the cold chain during perishable cargo transportation?
Cold chain, has great importance for perishable cargo transportation. Cold chain transportation is carried out by paying attention to factors like perishable cargo code.
Various transportation methods are used in the cold chain cargo method, which is expressed as one of the stages of perishable cargo. Delivery of perishable products is carried out by vehicles such as containers with air conditioning, trucks, wagons, planes. Most of the cold chain cargo demand comes from the food and pharmaceutical sector transportation. Food products known as perishable products reach their destination with the cold chain method at the standard temperature setting. The fastest transportation method required in a competitive environment; air cargo is used for cold chain and perishable goods transportation. By their features, the vehicles that move like a refrigerator function provide the storage and transportation of perishable products between -20 and +25 degrees. The cold chain, which provides the transportation of perishable products that need to be transported in a cold environment, is an important method in perishable cargo transportation. There are some points to be considered in order that the perishable cold chain products reach their destination without deterioration. In order for products not to deteriorate and lose the quality of use, the decrease and increase in the temperature of the products should be controlled regularly. By the necessary controls, the cold chain of the products and the shelf life of the food products are protected.
In perishable cargo, which is one of the most serious and sensitive operations of logistics, with its unconditional customer service understanding, Globelink Ünimar offers 24/7 service with its dedicated expert staff; It meticulously carries out all the necessary processes from the delivery of perishable cargo products to the loading, storage, shipment to the desired destination and delivery at the destination point, while maintaining the necessary temperature gap chain.